Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer which affects both men and women. However, the types and symptoms of lung cancer are different in men and women, therefore you should know the symptoms typical for your sex.
Lung cancer in women
Lung cancer in women is called adenocarcinoma and it develops on the outer part of the lungs. Unfortunately, the symptoms of adenocarcinoma are less obvious than in the other types of lung cancer. In many cases, the tumor can become large and spread throughout the body before being diagnosed.
Here are some of the earliest symptoms of lung cancer in women:
Back and shoulder pain;
Blood in the cough;
Coughing up phlegm or mucus with blood;
Harsh sound while breathing;
Shortness of breath
Loss of muscle mass;
Appetite loss and unexplained weight loss;
Neck or face swelling;
Shortness of breath while exercising;
Once the cancer grows the following symptoms appear:
Increased mucus and change in color;
Chest, shoulder, and back pain;
Bone fractures that are not caused by accidental injury;
Joint or bone pain
Lung cancer in men
Squamous cell carcinoma is a subtype of non-small cell lung cancer and it develops in the tissue that lines the air passages in the lungs. Generally, squamous cell carcinomas are located in the central part of the lungs, in the larger bronchi that join the trachea to the lung.
Some of the symptoms include:
- Repeated lung infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia
- Chronic cough
The common symptoms of lung cancer in men obstruct the airways more than those in women. But men usually neglect these symptoms due to their smoking habits, according to studies.
Therefore, it is of vital importance for people not to overlook the symptoms that are obvious. Also, it is highly recommended that you reduce all the risks of lung cancer as much as possible.